ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming) is the primary programming language used in SAP systems for developing applications and customizing SAP software. It supports both procedural and object-oriented programming (OOP) paradigms. ABAP-OO (Object-Oriented ABAP) extends ABAP by incorporating principles of OOP such as classes, objects, inheritance, polymorphism, and encapsulation. ABAP-OO allows developers to create modular, reusable code, improving code maintainability, scalability, and flexibility. It provides additional tools and techniques for building sophisticated and robust applications within the SAP ecosystem while adhering to modern software engineering practices.

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