CSV (Comma-Separated Values) is a simple file format used for storing tabular data in plain text format. In a CSV file, each line represents a record, and fields within each record are separated by commas or other delimiters, such as semicolons or tabs.

Key features of CSV include:

  1. Structure: CSV files consist of rows and columns, with each row representing a record and each column representing a field or attribute.
  2. Delimiters: Fields in CSV files are typically separated by commas, but other delimiters like semicolons or tabs can also be used, depending on the regional standards or requirements.
  3. Text Qualifiers: Text fields containing delimiters or special characters may be enclosed within quotation marks to distinguish them from delimiters.
  4. Plain Text: CSV files are plain text files and can be easily created, edited, and viewed using text editors or spreadsheet software.
  5. Interoperability: CSV is a widely supported format and can be imported/exported by various software applications, databases, and programming languages.

CSV files are commonly used for data interchange between different applications, importing/exporting data to and from databases, and sharing data between users in a simple and portable format.

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