In the context of SAP, a “dump” typically refers to a runtime error or system failure that results in the termination of an SAP program or transaction. When a dump occurs, the SAP system generates a detailed error message and stack trace, which provides information about the cause of the error and the sequence of program executions leading up to the failure.

Common types of dumps in SAP include:

  1. ABAP Runtime Error: This type of dump occurs when an ABAP program encounters an unhandled exception or error condition during execution. The system generates a short dump (also known as an ABAP dump) containing information about the program state at the time of the error.
  2. Database Error: Dumps related to database errors occur when there is a problem with accessing or manipulating data in the underlying database. This could be due to issues such as database connection failures, SQL syntax errors, or database table corruption.
  3. Memory Dump: Memory dumps occur when the SAP system encounters a memory-related issue, such as running out of available memory or encountering a memory leak. The system may generate a memory dump to capture the state of the system’s memory at the time of the failure.
  4. Work Process Failure: Work process failures occur when one of the SAP work processes terminates unexpectedly due to an error or resource constraint. This can lead to performance degradation or unavailability of certain SAP functionalities.
  5. Infrastructure Error: Dumps related to infrastructure errors occur when there is a problem with the underlying hardware or software infrastructure supporting the SAP system, such as network failures, server crashes, or disk space issues.

When a dump occurs in SAP, it is important to analyze the error message and stack trace to identify the root cause of the issue. This may involve debugging the program, reviewing system logs, or consulting with SAP support to resolve the problem and prevent recurrence.

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